Ocular surface disease treatment suitability criteria
The cornea can recover from minor injuries on its own. If it is scratched superficially, healthy cells slide over quickly and patch the injury before it causes infection or affects vision. But if a scratch causes a deep injury to the cornea, or if a patient’s immune system is not working as it should due to other disease, it will take longer to heal. This sort of injury often causes pain, blurred vision, tearing, redness, and extreme sensitivity to light. People with these symptoms need professional treatment.
How ocular surface disease treatment works
We can treat many corneal conditions with prescription eye drops or medication. If you have advanced corneal disease, you may need a different treatment such as laser, surgery or artificial cornea implantation.
Advantages and disadvantages
Every treatment has its advantages and disadvantages. However, we can manage corneal surface disorders effectively, provided we choose the approach and therapy carefully, based on discussions with our patients, the functional effects observed, and their severity.
Ocular surface disease treatment risks
If bacteria get into the corneal tissue under the protective corneal epithelium, infection or a corneal ulcer can result. These complications can be very serious and cause loss of vision. Proper care and commencing treatment regimes as prescribed by your ophthalmologist are necessary to help prevent serious consequences.
Options and alternatives
Other treatments include:
Laser: To treat some corneal disorders, we can use a type of laser treatment called phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) to reshape the cornea, remove scar tissue, and make vision clearer.
Corneal transplant surgery: If we cannot repair the damage to your cornea, we can remove the damaged part and replace it with healthy corneal tissue from a donor.
Artificial cornea: As an alternative to corneal transplant, we can replace a damaged cornea with an artificial cornea, called a keratoprosthesis (KPro).
Ocular surface disease treatment steps
We will talk you through the treatment steps and options once we have devised a personalised treatment plan for you.
Ocular surface disease treatment results
Depending on the type and severity of ocular surface disease, most patients regain good visual function and suffer no permanent eye damage with treatment. Deep scratches on the cornea or chronic, untreated ocular surface disease can cause infections, scars, and other problems that can lead to long-term vision problems. Report any unusual symptoms, including a return of pain after treatment, to your eye doctor.