What is keratoconus and what are the keratoconus symptoms?

In this post, Dr Nick Toalster explains what keratoconus is and what symptoms people with keratoconus suffer from.

Keratoconus is a condition where the cornea, the clear front lens of the eye, undergoes a change in shape. This alteration distorts the eye’s optics, leading to blurry vision. Unlike regular vision problems corrected by glasses, this poses unique challenges. Even with corrective lenses, vision may remain unclear, causing eye strain and headaches. Often, these symptoms manifest in early adulthood or during teenage years.

Symptoms to Watch For

If you’re experiencing glare, halos around lights, or blurred vision, it could be signs of keratoconus. Additionally, difficulties with oncoming traffic lights at night or pixelation on computer screens may indicate this condition. These symptoms can lead to headaches, eye strain, and a gradual decline in performing everyday tasks.

Understanding the Risk Factors

Several factors contribute to the development of keratoconus. Vigorous eye rubbing, especially among those with a family history of the condition, can exacerbate its progression. Individuals with Ehlers Danlos syndrome, a connective tissue disorder, also face an increased risk. Additionally, undergoing comprehensive eye exams can help identify this in its early stages, allowing for timely intervention.

Treatment Options for Keratoconus

Fortunately, several treatment options exist to manage keratoconus and improve vision. Corneal cross-linking, a procedure involving the use of UV light and riboflavin to strengthen the corneal tissue, can halt the progression of the condition. In advanced cases, corneal transplantation may be necessary to restore vision.

Vision Correction for Keratoconus

For those with irregular astigmatism due to keratoconus, rigid gas permeable contact lenses offer a solution. These lenses provide a more stable surface for the cornea, improving vision quality. Soft contact lenses can also be beneficial, particularly in the early stages of keratoconus.

Seeking Professional Guidance

If you suspect you may have keratoconus, it’s essential to seek professional help. A comprehensive eye exam conducted by a qualified eye care professional can provide valuable insights into your eye health. Through personalised consultations, we can develop a tailored treatment plan to address your specific needs and improve your vision.

Book Your Consultation

Don’t let keratoconus impact your quality of life. Book a consultation with us to discuss your condition in detail and explore available treatment options. Our team is committed to helping you regain optimal eye health and visual clarity. Take the first step towards better vision by booking a consultation with us.

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